It may be that social hostilities contribute to high government restrictions, and vice versa.*
Recent social hostilities involving religion include:
- religion-related terrorism in Algeria with cross-border connections;
- attacks on Muslim Rohingya in Burma;
- self-immolations in China by Buddhists protesting government policies in Tibet;
- ongoing unrest directed toward the Egyptian government led by President Mohamed Morsi (protesters reportedly accuse Morsi of "concentrating too much power in his own hands and those of his Muslim Brotherhood");
- increasing reports of religious intolerance in Indonesia;
- ongoing religion-related terrorism in Russia's south;
- public anger in Saudi Arabia after a prominent preacher who raped and beat to death his 5-year-old daughter was sentenced to a few months in jail and a $50,000 fine; and
- mounting religious violence in Syria as the civil war drags on.
* As noted in previous Pew Forum studies on religious restrictions, higher scores on the Government Restrictions Index are associated with higher scores on the Social Hostilities Index and vice versa. This means that, in general, it is rare for countries that score high on one index to be low on the other.